Clay Tile Roof

What do you put under roof tiles?

What is a Roof Underlay?

The practice of lining roofs with a permanent sheet roofing underlay has become a universally accepted practice in the UK over the last fifty years and people are now asking: “Is roofing felt waterproof?” The sheeting or sarking felt, is laid over the supporting rafters or counter battens, and beneath the tile or slate battens. Previously it had been standard practice to underline slate or tile roofs with a mortar filling consisting of sand-lime mortar and reinforced with animal hair.

The secondary purpose of sarking felt is to provide a waterproof barrier and allow for the safe disposal of water that has collected on the upper surface of the underlay. This prevents damage to the internal spaces of the roof and building and creates an effective barrier against rain ingress as a result of damaged and cracked tiles/slates. So is roofing felt waterproof? Yes.

The third benefit of roofing underlay is that it provides an extra layer of insulation to prevent heat from escaping the building.

What type of roofing underlay should I use?

Roofing underlays are one of the most important elements of a roofing specification, and choosing the right product is essential to ensuring the finished structure is weather-resistant and provides years of trouble-free service. But there are many different types of roofing underlays on the market – so how do you know which product is the right choice for your project?

The first step to selecting a roofing underlay is to understand the available types, and what’s right for your project. Then you can narrow your selection by considering installation requirements and building regulations, as well as the unique features and benefits that certain products offer.

The different types of roof underlays

According to BS 5534, the British Standard for slating and tiling, and BS 5250, the code of practice for the control of condensation, there are two main types of roofing underlays: high resistance (non-breathable underlays) and low resistance (breathable or vapour-permeable membranes). Let’s look at these in more detail:

Non Breathable Underlays

These include both traditional bituminous products, as well as impermeable roofing membranes made from modern materials like polypropylene. They are often perceived as the affordable and functional option and are designed to provide an effective secondary barrier against wind pressure and water penetration.

Breathable Underlays

This is a newer type of product, and low-resistance underlays are generally more expensive than their non-breathable counterparts. However, they offer several benefits in addition to their breathability. For example, they’re lightweight, durable and easy to install, and they also provide some advantages when it comes to roof ventilation.

The basics of fitting

The felt is held to the rafters by first nailing direct and then by the wooden battens which are used for fixing the slates or for locating the nibs on the back of tiles.

The fascia board of most roofs stands above the level of the rafters so before laying the underfelt, you may want to cut and fix filler wedges to each rafter, or alternatively nail narrow strips of sheet material (such as exterior grade plywood) across the gaps between the rafters and the top of the fascia (see diagram below) – either method supports the underfelt otherwise there is a tendency for the felt to sag behind the fascia allowing water to collect which will eventually rot the felt and cause dampness to the soffit or wall below.

Fitting the felt

Starting at the bottom, run the felt along the roof and align the felt so that the lower edge extents over the fascia board by enough to reach the middle of the gutter. Starting at one end, nail the felt to the rafters using galvanised 25mm (1 inch) clout nails, put a nail in the middle of the width, and about 250mm (10 inches) in from the fascia on every other rafter (leave the top of the felt unsecured at this point). Work along the roof taking out any excess slack in the felt, but do not pull it tight; a slight sag between rafters is ideal as it will allow any water to drain down the felt.

When the first length is complete, lay the next layer of felt on top of the first so that it overlaps by at least 100mm (4 inches) – horizontal overlaps (where one roll ends, and the next one is started) should be at least 150mm (6 inches). Nail the second strip of underfelt to the rafters in the same manner as the first, with the lower nails positioned about 50mm (2 inches) from the edge so that it secures both this strip and the previously laid one.

Repeat this sequence with further strips of felt up to the top of the roof.

  • At the ridge, take the underlay over the top of the ridge by at least 150mm (6 inches), then, when installing the top run of felt on the second side of a pitch roof, take the felt over the felt from the first side and nail it through to the top of the rafters on the first side.
  • At a verge, lay the underlay about half way over the outer wall skin (or the outer rafter on an overhanging verge).
  • Where the roof abuts to a wall, either at the side or top, trim the underfelt to allow about 50mm (2 inches) onto the wall.
  • At a hip, take the underlay from the first side around the corner, and overlap from the second side by at least 150mm (6 inches). Make sure that all folds are done so that no pockets are left where would could collect.

Fixing the battens

Start at the lower edge of the roof and position the first batten so that the slates/tiles give the required overhang over the fascia – set the distance at both ends of the roof and run a string line between, check along the line to make sure that the distance is fairly consistent and satisfactory (fascia boards may sometimes wonder a little bit, but this can be checked by eye looking along the front face).

Cut the first batten to length, if one length will not cover the full roof length, cut is so that it is half way across the rafter where the next batten needs to meet it.

Nail the lower batten in place using the string line as a guide, use galvanised wire nails (60 mm ( 2½ inch) are normally adequate) to secure to each rafter – ideally the nails should penetrate the rafter timber by at least 40mm.

Once the lower batten is fixed, use the two ‘gauge’ spacers to position the next batten, again measure the length and cut before nailing.

  • At verges, take the battens to within about 25mm (1 inch) of the end of the underfelt.
  • At hips, allow enough space between the battens from the two sides so that a batten can be fixed along the top of the hip board.

Repeat this sequence for each batten up to the top of the roof.

Should any of the horizontal felt overlaps not coincide with a batten, fix an intermediate batten just to hold down the overlap, but ensure that if using tiles, there is enough room next to the primary batten for the tile nib.

You may need to slightly deviate from using the gauge for the top batten (any minor cutting errors in your gauges may add up over the height of the roof), adjust it as necessary.

Choosing A Legitimate Mobile Auto Repair Shop

Car Maintenance Jobs you Can Do Yourself

Car repairs can drain your pocketbook fast, but you can do a wide range of repairs yourself, regardless of your technical skill. We’re not just talking oil changes; provided you can hold a wrench, you can fix everything ranging from fuel filters to alternators. We’ll detail the tools necessary for your DIY toolkit, where to turn to for help when you’re making the repairs, and how to tackle some of the most common car problems yourself.

The biggest hurdle in convincing someone they can handle car repair is the fear factor, but here’s the thing: It’s actually pretty hard to permanently screw up a car. You might break something temporarily, or a fix might not work in the long run, but you probably won’t set yourself or your car on fire just because you banged too hard on a valve. Cars are resilient machines and regardless of the year or make, there are plenty of repairs even the clumsiest and technically challenged can handle provided they have the confidence to push through.

Change Your Coolant

Coolant doesn’t last forever. You have to change it every 40,000 kilometres (green coolant) or 160,000 kilometres (extended-life coolant). If you keep driving on worn coolant, expect to replace the radiator, heater core and water pump.

Change Your Fluids Regularly

Transfer case fluid and differential oil changes are cheap and easy. Replacing these components will cost you about $1,500 each—a high price to pay for neglect.

Air filter replacement.

Clogged air filters lower car performances on many levels. Change your car’s air filter to increase power and gas mileage. An air filter replacement is one of the easiest DIY car repairs to do for worn out filters.

Oil change.

Oil change is relatively easy to do yourself with certain precautions. Avoid changing oil after driving your car recently since it can be very hot. You should wait at least a couple of hours after driving your car to change the oil. Tools for a DIY oil change are ratchet, oil filter, wrench, funnel, new oil, oil container, and oil filter.

Spark plugs.

This simple DIY procedure can make automobiles have better fuel consumption ratings and drive smoother. Spark plugs for most cars are cheap. Check the plug wires while replacing spark plugs too.

Windshield wipers.

Replace the worn out strips of rubber found on old wipers with new ones. Change windshield wipers for optimal driving conditions during rain. Basic tools are needed like a screwdriver and new wipers to change them.

Headlight bulbs.

Check the front of your car for burnt headlight bulbs in need of replacement. DIY headlight bulb change is possible for cars without sealed beam headlights. Be sure to get the right bulb for your car and save money by changing it yourself.

Dangling exhaust pipes.

If you hear extra car noises from the back of your car, it could be damaged pipe holders or structure. Most cars use rubber loops to hold exhaust pipes that can be damaged over time. Look under your vehicle for any broken hangers in the exhaust pipe and change accordingly.

Brake pads. 

Always keep brake pads in optimal conditions to avoid car accidents and injury. Brake pads are a key component of the brake system that should be properly maintained. Usual tools to change brake pads are a c-clamp, lug wrench, Allen wrenches, hammer, and jack, amongst other.

Fuel filters.

Fuel filters have an average price of $15 depending on the car, but can save hundreds of dollars from engine damage if changed regularly. Fuel filters are important to keep fuel injection and carburetor systems clean and working properly. Please, do note that it is imperative to release the fuel system pressure before replacing the fuel filter to avoid damage or injury.

Car radiator flush.

Automobiles’ cooling systems and radiators should be cleaned to keep engines cool. Radiators can build deposits what can clog the cooling system. Perform regular radiator flushes to keep the cooling system in optimal condition. Before removing the radiator cap, to flush the radiator, check that the engine is cool.

Gas Lifts

Why risk your noggin when you can replace gas lift cylinders yourself? Just buy new lifts at any auto parts store. Then have a helper hold the hood or liftgate while you disconnect and replace the worn lifts. Many styles simply unbolt using a metric socket set. Others connect with a ball and socket style connection held in place with a spring clip. To disengage the spring clip, simply shove a small flat blade screwdriver between the clip and the cylinder. Then pull the cylinder off the ball stud.

Replace Non-Headlight Bulbs

To access burned out license plate, side marker and fog light bulbs, just remove the retaining screws and pry off the lens. Pull the bulb straight out of the socket. Handle the new bulb with gloved hands or hold it with a paper towel to prevent skin oils from depositing on the thin glass — that can cause premature bulb failure. Then push the bulb into the socket until it clicks. Reinstall the lens and you’re done.

Lubricate Window Tracks

Freezing water can seep into the window tracks and create drag when you try to open the window. That drag can damage the window regulator cables, costing you almost $300. You can avoid the problem entirely by lubricating the window tracks with spray silicone or dry teflon spray lubricant. Lower the window and shoot the spray right into the front and back window track. Apply enough lube so it drips all the way down the track. Then operate the window through several open and close cycles to spread the lube along the entire track. Use glass cleaner and a paper towel to remove any spray that lands on the glass.

Convertible Creeper

Most creepers are hard, flat, unpadded boards with tiny wheels that get stuck in cracks in your garage floor. Not this one! Here’s a creeper that’s not only comfortable but also convertible. Pull the release pin and lift up on one end and you’ve got a roll-around seat that’s the perfect height for working around wheels. The padding is extra thick and the wheels are extra-large 3-in. soft polyurethane, so the creeper rolls smoothly, even over debris and cracks. It’s a bit higher off the ground than other creepers, so you’ll have to raise the vehicle an extra few inches. But it’s worth it for the comfort. The heavy-duty frame is rated for up to 450 lbs. for heavy-duty mechanics.

Credit Preserving Strategies Overlooked By Most Family Law Attorney At Time Of Divorce

Things To Do Before You Divorce


Even if you don’t think there’s hope for the marriage, “divorce counseling” can help you discover what went wrong, how to cope, and how to pick up the pieces and go on. Don’t wait for your spouse to participate. If you don’t know how to find a qualified counselor, our firm will be glad to recommend.


Even if you don’t end up hiring an attorney to handle your separation or divorce, you would be well advised to get as much information as you can before you even discuss divorce with your spouse


Leaving the house without a good reason may cause you to pay alimony or may result in your inability to collect alimony once the divorce is finalized. If you leave the house, you may also be unable to return until after a court divides the property according to standard divorce laws


In this case, honesty may not be the best policy. In addition to the fact that adultery is illegal in the state

Although an alimony claimant is not required to prove the other spouse is at fault in order to be entitled to postseparation support or alimony, the alimony statute addresses the concept of marital fault and permits a judge to consider evidence of fault in fixing the amount of alimony to be awarded, if any.

Fathers’ Rights: With a Good Strategy and an Even Better Lawyer, Dads Are Getting More Time with Their Kids.

a single father of 6-year-old twin boys, decided to pursue full custody of his sons, he knew it wouldn’t be an easy journey. He assumed, and often heard, that most family law judges

favor the mother in custody disputes. Although he was concerned the odds were stacked against him, he felt gaining custody of his sons was in their best interest. “Everyone’s situation is a little different, but for me personally, it involved the boys’ wellbeing,” he says. “I was concerned about their care when I was at work. I need to take action.”

primary custodian of the boys, but he and the boys’ mother still shared joint physical custody. However, she wanted to be named primary custodian which would place her in charge of decisions concerning the boys, including where they lived, as she preferred her home state

Family Law to represent him in the custody trial. It was a good decision. “When things come to a head during a separation, people can act irrationally and do things that hinder their case,”

“I remained calm and steady throughout the whole thing under the guidance of my attorneys. They helped me understand what I could and couldn’t use as far as evidence that could either help or damage my case. His team explored every avenue and put in extraordinary effort to present my case. Walking into the courtroom, I was confident that I did my best for my sons. The jury awarded me full custody.”

Marketing for Family Lawyers

Here’s how you can grow your family law firm with Internet marketing

Whether you’re a solo divorce attorney or a multi-location family law firm, winning new clients grows your business.

But it’s a highly competitive area and it’s hard to stand out. It’s made harder if you follow general law firm strategies that fail to get the right messages in front of the right people. Potential leads looking for a divorce attorney require a different marketing approach to those looking for an employment lawyer.

This guide is designed to stop you from falling into the trap of being too general with your marketing strategy. It will help you get specific and market directly to your potential family law customers. It will also help you get more and better leads – and more conversions.

Jumping in and attempting to market your practice without doing your homework first will prove expensive and ineffective. The “spray and pray” approach should be dead. All good marketing is highly targeted.

The Demographics

First, you need to establish exactly who your ideal customers are. Think about these five demographic elements:






How to Avoid Getting Overbilled by Your Divorce Lawyer

Divorce Clients are “Low-Hanging Fruit” for Family Court Attorneys

Family law is perhaps the one area of legal practice where the clients are the most susceptible to get over-billed by their lawyer. The reasons why clients are so vulnerable to getting ripped off by a divorce attorney is because divorce cases can be highly emotional for the client. Clients are typically angry, scared, or depressed and oftentimes not thinking at their rational best. Therefore, to a divorce lawyer, clients can be low-hanging fruit who are ripe for the picking. When divorce lawyers play on their clients’ emotions by urging them to fight unnecessarily, then client pays a high price for that game.

A lawyer shall not make an agreement for, charge, or collect an unreasonable fee or an unreasonable amount for expenses. The factors to be considered in determining the reasonableness of a fee include the following:

(1) the time and labor required, the novelty and difficulty of the questions involved, and the skill requisite to perform the legal service properly;

(2) the likelihood that the acceptance of the particular employment will preclude other employment by the lawyer;(3) the fee customarily charged in the locality for similar legal services;

(4) the amount involved and the results obtained;

(5) the time limitations imposed by the client or by the circumstances;

(6) the nature and length of the professional relationship with the client;

(7) the experience, reputation, and ability of the lawyer or lawyers performing the services; and

(8) whether the fee is fixed or contingent.

Although there may be nothing inherently unethical about a divorce lawyer charging his or her normal hourly rate to perform menial tasks, this type of billing may mean one of two things:

Lack of Efficiency – Your divorce lawyer isn’t efficient and isn’t making proper use of his or her staff such as secretaries or paralegals who cost much less per hour than the lawyer.

No Staff Support – Some lawyers, especially recent law school graduates, practice law without staff support or a paralegal. Although there’s nothing unethical or wrong about an attorney who does everything on their own, this type of billing can significantly increase the costs of your divorce.

Guesstimating Time – When lawyers bill, they’re required to keep contemporaneous records of their time. In other words, lawyers must record their time immediately, if not soon after, the time is spent. When lawyers don’t stay on top of their timekeeping and, instead, rely on their memory to later record time, they may record too little or too much time.

Some indications that your divorce lawyer may be guesstimating his or her time include:

Erratic Billing Practices – If your lawyer doesn’t send you bills on a regular schedule (such as the 1st of the month) but instead sends you bills at odd intervals, then your lawyer may not be keeping accurate records of his or her time.

Untimely Billing Entries – If your lawyer sends a bill each month, then you should expect to see all of your charges for that billing time period. However, if your lawyer is billing you for the month of March yet you see time for January too, then your lawyer may not be keeping accurate records.


There are so many different reasons why you may consider using a therapist in your family law case. A lot of couples going through a divorce have their own personal therapists, which can be a very healthy way to deal with the difficult personal situation they are going through. Some parents need a therapist to assist them in effectively communicating and co-parenting. Many, if not most, minor children have counselors to talk to about their parent’s separation and other issues related to a family law case they are involved in. Finally, sometimes when parents are estranged from their minor children it is required that they attend something called “reunification therapy” to try and rebuild the relationship between the estranged parent and the child.

Things to be Avoid if Using a Therapist in Your Family Law Case

All of these therapists are extremely useful, particularly when you have someone knowledgeable about the family law process. However, in my experience as a family law attorney, there are certain things to be aware of when using a therapist and being involved in a family law case.

Therapists Testifying in Court

First, your therapist probably does not want to testify, nor are they typically a very convincing witness on your behalf. A lot of therapists develop a relationship with their clients which is personal and private, in order for the therapy to be truly effective. They also often have a bias in favor of their client due to said relationship. It is the same as having your sister or brother or mother testify in your favor – a Judge will think “well, of course, they will sing your praises, they are your mother” and not a neutral party. Therapists can sometimes fall in the same category.

Don’t Delegate Decision-Making Authority

Another pitfall with utilizing a therapist in a divorce case has nothing to do with testimony nor disclosure. Instead, it has to do with letting a therapist or mental health treating professional “drive the bus” in the case. This is most likely to occur in a reunification therapy type of scenario.

For example, putting into an Allocation Judgment that the parties will take the recommendations of a therapist for purposes of increasing parenting time. The problem with doing this is that a lot of therapists are a bit conservative about pushing the children too far too soon in reunification therapy and they will err on the side of caution.

Eye Care Make Your Eyes Look Beautiful

How do you preserve your vision?

Your eyesight is one of the most important things you need to protect and maintain in order to sustain your quality of life. It is common that as you age, eye problems and vision loss become apparent because of one reason or another.

In most cases, some life-threatening eye problem affects 1 in every 6 adults aged 50 and above. In fact, a recent report by the American Academy of Ophthalmology estimated that over 43 million Americans will develop age-related eye diseases by the year 2020.

However, because the leading causes of low vision and blindness in the U.S. are primarily age-related diseases like cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration, and diabetic retinopathy, preserving your vision with the following vital tips will keep you on the safe side.

The first step to preserving your eyesight as you age is finding out whether you are at a higher risk of contracting some eye disease. A visit to a professional ophthalmologist for regular eye check-ups will help diagnose any risks you are pre-disposed to, and with the right precautionary treatment, help limit your vision loss and preserve your eyesight.

Be aware of any warning signs of changes in your vision If you start noticing some weird changes in your vision such as hazy vision, double vision, and difficulty seeing in low light conditions, immediately consult your eye doctor. If you also experience some potentially serious eye problems such as red eyes, floaters, eye pains, swelling, and frequent flashes of light, see your ophthalmologist immediately.

Wear sunglasses to avoid harmful UV rays Too much exposure of your eyes to UV rays increases your chances of contracting cataracts and macular degeneration. But with the right pair of sunglasses, you can protect your eyes against the harmful rays and help preserve your vision as you age. If you wear contact lenses, you can get those that offer UV protection. And even so, it’s still wise to wear sunglasses for an extra layer of protection.

Eat a healthy and balanced diet Studies have shown that healthy balanced diets play an important role in preserving your eyesight over time. Eating fish rich in omega 3 fatty acids reduces your risk of contracting macular degeneration. A diet rich in antioxidants such as fruits and dark green vegetables helps reduce the risk of cataracts.  Other nutrients like zinc, lutein, and vitamins C and E also help greatly in avoiding the two diseases. Eating healthy also lowers the risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes; the leading cause of blindness in adults.

Quit smoking now There are very many dangers of smoking. And when it comes to eye health, it’s no different. Smokers are at a higher risk of developing age-related cataracts, macular degeneration, damage to your optic nerve, uveitis and other eye problems. All in all, remember that your eye is a delicate body part! Only have professionals like Southwestern Eye Center examine and treat them to avoid injuries or poor treatment.

Ways to protect your eyesight

Here are some helpful tips to help you avoid vision loss from these age-related eye diseases and other problems:

Find out if you are at higher risk for eye diseases.

Be aware of your family’s health history. Do you or any of your family suffer from diabetes or have a history of high blood pressure? Are you over age 60? Any of these traits increase your risk for sight-threatening eye diseases.

Have regular physical exams to check for diabetes and high blood pressure.

If left untreated, these diseases can cause eye problems. In particular, diabetes and high blood pressure can lead to vision loss from diabetic retinopathy, macular degeneration and eye strokes.

Look for warning signs of changes in your vision.

If you start noticing changes in your vision, see your eye doctor immediately. Some trouble signs to look for are double vision, hazy vision and difficulty seeing in low light conditions.

Other signs and symptoms of potentially serious eye problems that warrant immediate attention include red eyes, frequent flashes of light, floaters, and eye pain and swelling.

Exercise frequently.

Studies suggest that regular exercise — such as brisk walking — can reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration by up to 70 percent.

Protect your eyes from harmful UV light.

When outdoors during daytime, always wear sunglasses that shield your eyes from 100 percent of the sun’s harmful ultraviolet rays. This may help reduce your risk of cataracts, pinguecula and other eye problems.

Have an annual eye exam.

A comprehensive eye exam, including dilating your pupils, can determine your risk for major eye diseases such as diabetic retinopathy, which has no early warning signs or symptoms.An eye exam also can ensure that your prescription for eyeglasses or contact lenses is up to date and that you are seeing as clearly and safely as possible.

Don’t smoke.

The many dangers of smoking have been well documented. When it comes to eye health, people who smoke are at greater risk of developing age-related macular degeneration, cataracts, uveitis and other eye problems.

Dry eyes

Our eyes produce tears to protect the cornea, the clear outer layer of the eyeball. But a lifetime of inflammation caused by sun, wind, high blood pressure, stress and other factors, may cause the eye to produce fewer tears. People in their 50s typically begin noticing burning, stinging or even eyes that brim with tears.

Dry eyes are easily treated with over-the-counter artificial tears or with nighttime application of gels.

Eating fish high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon, tuna and halibut, or taking flax or chia seeds, may help prevent the condition from developing.


There are different forms of glaucoma, a largely hereditary condition that can cause irreversible blindness by damaging the eye’s optic nerve. It is usually caused by a buildup of fluid at the front of the eyeball.

Glaucoma is known as the “silent disease” because symptoms don’t appear until very late in the disease process. That’s why eye exams are recommended every two to three years after age 40.

Detected early enough, the majority of cases can be controlled with eye drops alone. Laser and surgery may also help.


As people age, almost everyone experiences floaters — tiny white or black specks that move around in their field of vision. They occur when the jelly-like fluid behind the eye’s lens starts to break down, usually when people are in their late 50s and 60s.

Floaters are usually not a serious problem. However, a sudden shower of floaters accompanied by light flashes needs to be checked by an eye doctor right away.

Truths about protecting your eyes

Myth: Doing eye exercises will delay the need for glasses.

Fact: Eye exercises will not improve or preserve vision, help your eye health, or reduce the need for glasses. Your vision depends on many factors, including the shape of your eyeball and the health of the eye tissues, neither of which can be significantly altered with eye exercises.

Myth: Reading in dim light will worsen your vision.

Fact: Dim lighting will not damage your eyesight or eye health. However, it will tire your eyes out more quickly. The best way to position a reading light is to have it shine directly onto the page, not over your shoulder. A desk lamp with an opaque shade pointing directly at the reading material is ideal.

Myth: Carrots are the best food for the eyes.

Fact: Carrots, which contain vitamin A, are indeed good for the eyes. But fresh fruits and dark green leafy vegetables, which contain more antioxidant vitamins such as C and E, are even better for eye health. Antioxidants may even help protect the eyes against cataracts and age-related macular degeneration. Just don’t expect them to prevent or correct basic vision problems such as nearsightedness or farsightedness.

Review Of Accountant Pro Business Backup

Understanding Items

They are designed to simplify data entry and allow a lower-level employee to enter information without incorrectly affecting reports. When set up and used correctly, they can help provide lots of valuable information on profitability of different components of the business. However, if the Items are not set up correctly or consistently used, then the problems start. Cleaning up Items can be time consuming and the errors can have a significant impact on the profitability and net worth of a company.  And, a key concept to keep in mind is, journal entries do NOT affect Items – only the Chart of Accounts, so a journal entry won’t quickly fix the problem.

So what exactly is an Item? An Item is a tool that posts to your Chart of Accounts.  It can be a product, service that your company buys and sells or a charge or tax from your company or vendor or a even a discount or payment.  The first step in setting up an new Item is to  select the Type.

While there are several Types of Items, the list below contains the basic ones.

Service – work, either performed BY your company for a client/customer or FOR you by a vendor/subcontractor.

Inventory – products you make or buy then sell; you keep these Items on hand for future sales.

Non-Inventory  – products you buy or sell for a customer job/project, but do not stock.

Other Charge – shipping, delivery fee, fuel surcharge, finance charge.

Subtotal – totals Items above (up to the last subtotal); useful when applying discounts/surcharges or separating labor from parts.

Discount – subtracts a percent or dollar amount of the line above.

Many users, not knowing any better, select the wrong Type. Some users select Service because it’s first in the list. Some use Inventory because it’s something they have on hand – like different kinds of nails for the shop or bags of flour for baked products. However, if these are Items you use but don’t resell, then they’re technically not Inventory – so use non-Inventory. You can change Other Charge, Non-Inventory or Inventory to a different Type, but you cannot change Service, Payment, or Discount to another Type.

Check with your accountant on this. If this is your first year and your taxes aren’t done, then it’s probably okay to say yes, but this can affect previous years’ numbers, so most times, it might be best to say no and find other ways to fix numbers from old transactions. If an Item was setup as a wrong Type and can’t be changed, then make it inactive and create a new Item.

Is a Master’s Degree in Accounting Worth It?

A master’s degree in accounting is worth it because it can be the boost you need to a higher-level position in banking, taxation, insurance or any company with a financial division. You’ll gain superior analytical skills, deepen your knowledge of accounting principles and learn the latest technology. It can also be an important step toward certification as a public accountant.

Today’s accountants do much more than count money and balance the books. They help solve white collar crime. They are key players in U.S. healthcare reform. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) employs them by the thousands. Accountants are Chief Financial Officers of Fortune 500 companies, comptrollers, and international merger and acquisition experts. They are small (or any size, for that matter) business owners who need the sharp and well-rounded book-keeping skills taught by seasoned faculty. They teach at nearly every college and university.

The Difference a Master’s Makes

Master’s degrees in accounting are designed for those looking to get ahead as a public accountant, corporate accountant, auditor, fraud examiner, financial analyst and so much more. It can be the boost you need to a higher-level position in banking, taxation, insurance or any company with a financial division. With an advanced accounting degree, you’ll gain superior analytical skills, deepen your knowledge of accounting principles and learn the latest technology.

A master’s degree in accounting is an important step toward certification as a public accountant (CPA). The CPA exam is the most well-known designation in the accounting profession. While intense, it’s worth it. After passing the exam, accountants are able to file reports to the Securities and Exchange Commission, making them appreciably more marketable to potential employers.

Master’s in Accounting Salary and Job Options

Committing to a career direction is often a milestone decision in a person’s life. You want to be sure your investment in an advanced degree is worth the time, money and energy. Gut instinct is one of your most reliable advisors, but you can assess your own ambition to lead, salary and title goals and a job’s flexibility to help you determine if a profession like accounting suits your personality and life’s plan. There are many things you can do with an accounting degree besides accounting, but also many careers that require daily use of accounting-specific principles.

Accountant CV Example

If you are seeking an accountant position, you are likely good with numbers and math, but writing a curriculum vitae may be more of a challenge. Even people who have written them before can benefit from a review of the basic principles of a CV, so if you want to make your accountant CV the best it can be, consulting our accountant CV example as well as the included tips can help you get started on composing your own. With these resources at your disposal, you have everything you need to create a winning CV.

What Does Accountant Do?

An accountant, generally speaking, is responsible for handling much of an organization’s financial details and tasks. They may create a budget or design a quarterly forecast in collaboration with a company’s chief financial officer. Daily tasks include managing accounts receivable, completing payroll, and bookkeeping to track the company’s expenses and payments. Special accounting programs may be employed to assist in such tasks, and accountants are expected to be proficient in such platforms. If you are wondering how to include all of these qualifications in your CV, consulting our accountant CV example can give you an idea of where to start and how to make yours the best that it can be.

Tips for Creating a Great Accountant CV

Not all CVs are created equal, and if you want yours to stand out, consulting our example above is a great place to start. You might want some more guidance on how to make your accountant CV great, and the following tips offer exactly that:

-Do include details on your current accounting licensing and certification as well as the dates of validity.

-Don’t focus on generalities when you can be specific in naming the size of the companies you’ve worked for and the exact nature of the work you did.

-Do highlight complementary skills, such as managerial experience, that may put you above competitors for a job.

-Don’t describe job duties without offering the qualification and context of your accomplishments.

-Do focus on your attention to detail and development of skills throughout your prior work history.

-Don’t cite facts and figures that are not directly relevant to the role your position played in a company’s overall performance.

Business accounting: steps to tackling this like a boss

Managing finances doesn’t have to be the bane of your professional existence. Nor does it have to take you away from the personal reasons you started your business in the first place.

Instead, the basics of small business accounting come down to a handful of best practices and only three essential reports: your balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement. These might sound like they require a professional bookkeeper, but far from it.

Daily business accounting tasks

When it comes to daily accounting business needs, you have a pretty light plate. You have plenty of financial statements to review every week, month, quarter, and so on, but your daily business accounting responsibilities consist of the following

Check cash position

Since cash is the fuel for your business, you never want to be running on or near empty. Start your day by checking how much cash you have. Knowing how much you expect to receive and how much you expect to pay during the upcoming weeks and months is important, too.

Weekly accounting tasks

Weekly accounting tasks are a little more involved. Welcome to your weekly accounting tasks, otherwise known as the land of invoicing, financial data management, and other business bank account fun.

Record transactions

Record each transaction (billing customers, receiving cash from customers, paying vendors, etc.) daily or weekly, depending on volume. Although recording transactions manually or in Microsoft Excel sheets is acceptable, it is probably easier to use small business accounting software like QuickBooks. The benefits and control far outweigh the cost.

Accounting Interview Questions (With Answers)

“What were you responsible for in your last job?”

In any accounting job interview, you will face questions about what you did in your previous position. Employers are looking for similarities/overlap between past work and what you’d be doing in this job.

“How would you record this transaction?” (and similar technical accounting interview questions)

A good portion of your accountant job interview will focus on technical and situational questions like the one above. Even in an initial phone interview, you’re likely to hear a few basic technical questions to judge your ability as an accountant.

“Tell me about yourself”

Employers ask, “what can you tell me about yourself?” in almost every interview, and it usually comes right at the beginning, so you need a great answer.

Here are four key steps to answering:

First, employers want to know about your background as a professional when they ask this, not personal details. So stick to your professional career story. Start with how you got into the field of accounting, and when you began. If you just graduated with your accounting degree, you can start with why you chose this major.

“Why did you choose Accounting as a career?”

Employers are always going to want to know your reasons for choosing this career in an interview. Why? Well, if you don’t seem to enjoy your career or have any reasons why it interests you, then they’re going to worry about your ability to stay motivated, work hard, work through difficult days/weeks, etc.

A Test Of Friendship Is A Moving Experience But Your Local Moving Experience Shouldn’t Test Friendships

Moving Across Country Like A Pro

Make your cross country move cheaper, easier, and more organized with this comprehensive guide by pro moving

The decision to move was hard, but you’ve made it. Maybe you got that killer job you’ve always wanted, maybe you’re going to school, or maybe it’s your heart that’s leading you to a new destination far away. No matter what the reason is, moving across the country is no easy feat. The worries, fretting, and endless phone calls with family and friends for advice was just the beginning.  Now it’s time to actually pack and move

How To Prepare For A Cross Country Move

Your first order of business is a flurry of cleaning, organizing and de-cluttering. As you are about to find out, it takes a considerable amount of time and money to move cross-country.  Why pay to move things you don’t even want? This process should take place at least two months prior to your moving date so you have ample time to get as much work done as possible.

Clean, Clean, & Clean Some More!

If you are anything like the average American, then you’ve probably been putting off Spring cleaning for a few years now. Take this opportunity to clean, dust and put everything away. Why should you be doing this? It’s impossible to take stock of what you have and what you need if you can’t find anything, and you’re going to need to clean up your house or apartment before you move on anyway. Besides, dust bunnies never chip in for gas, they’re dead weight.

Get Rid Of Unwanted Items

Do not take trash or unnecessary items with you. Trust me; you really won’t be needing your term papers from high school again – ever. Throw them out. Do you have clothing in every size imaginable in styles no one even recognizes anymore? Donate them! The less you have to pack or take with you, the better. If you have enough stuff to get rid of, have a yard sale. The extra cash can go towards your moving expenses!

Ways To Sell Your Stuff Before Moving

Facebook Marketplace– List unwanted items on Facebook and price them to sell!  It’s a great online marketplace to buy, sell, or trade anything.  Craigslist still works if you don’t have Facebook.

Ebay – If you have specialty items that are a hard sell locally, then list them up for bid on Ebay, the online auction place.

Offer Up / Let It Go:  Two great apps for your smartphone or tablet to quickly take pics and list items for sale in your area.

Donate:  Anything that you can’t or don’t want to sell, you can donate to charities, local homeless shelters, churches etc to help somone in need while still getting rid of dead weight for the move.


What are doing to keep your family and our movers safe:

are wiping down (sanitizing) our trucks and our equipment every day as best as we can.

customers need to participate in social distancing (8-ish feet away from our movers) and to sanitize their homes, apartments, apartment elevators etc BEFORE crew arrives at customers home.

are asking customers NOT to sign our bill of lading, and to call their own credit cards into our office when the move is complete. Before crew leaves your home, the crew lead will let customer know the amount to charge the credit card. do accept cash as well. We accept personal checks as long as are NOT moving you into a self-storage facility, loading a customer’s rental truck or loading a customer’s shipping container.

are asking customers to let our office know as soon as possible if someone in their home has a fever as to not spread anything to movers are taking this VERY seriously so movers do not spread the virus to their co-workers, families or to other customers. If movers feel uncomfortable working for a customer who has a fever, movers have been instructed to leave the jobsite immediately. Giving us an early heads up about a feverish customer will allow to re-schedule that customer at a later date before fill schedule up for the later date in question.

are asking our employees to stay home if they have a fever.

Expert & Friendly Moving Services

Competitive Pricing

offer competitive pricing and do our best in making sure you get the most out your money.

Experienced Professionals

team of trusted and experienced professional Glendale movers can handle all aspects of your move.

Licensed & Insured

are licensed and insured professional movers

Moving to one place is one of the most exciting yet stressful life experience, especially when you are doing it on your own. Packing and unpacking all your things will take so much time and effort. Hiring local professional movers

Moving Company Services

professional team of movers packed your valuables with top-rated packing supplies that will keep your things safe from moving. We cater any size of moving from labor only, household move, apartment move, furniture move, office move and commercial move.

Minolta DSC

things to know about moving into UCF dorms during the COVID-19 pandemic

said it was a smooth and easy process. “I really appreciate that they’re doing the COVID test. It makes me feel a lot safer about coming to campus,” she said.

“We do think that a number of them will return to their residence. However, we have arranged for on our main campus probably 80, 83 spaces for isolation and certain remote locations another 80 spaces, so we think we’ll be as prepared as best as we can,”

“I was looking forward to football games and stuff and I think school might be a little harder online to be productive, but as long as we stay positive and just motivated I think we’ll be okay,”

Move-in happening earlier

To limit the number of people moving onto campus a time, the university started the move-in process earlier to provide a staggered move-in process with physical distancing

Two-part drive-thru process

Students moving onto the main campus are required to take a COVID-19 test in a campus garage provided by Aventus Biolabs. After the test, students will go to another parking garage to be checked-in by UCF housing staff, receive their keys and student identification, and be provided a packet of materials that includes a face covering.

For Your Moving, Packing, and Storage Needs, Let us be Your Guide Through the Moving Process

Too often the very thought of a move can bring stress and anxiety. This can leave you worrying more about logistics and a life’s worth of belongings instead of focusing on your family and future

been there and seen it all. That is why we have proven systems in place to make your move go smoothly, with minimal stress. We are your guide through the moving process allowing you to enjoy the future…not worry about moving the past

specialize in making this time in your life a memory, not a terrible story that you just want to be over. Through years of experience, our proven process can help you do something you never thought possible . . . Enjoy moving

Water Testing Kits And Indoor Air Test Kits

water-testing procedures are ‘worse than Flint’

City council will hold hearings in testing drinking water for lead after a warning that residents’ health could be at risk in wake of contamination

city council will investigate how it tests its water, after an expert told the Guardian the city’s procedures are “worse than Flint” and risk putting residents’ health in jeopardy.

council members revealed plans to hold hearings “concerning best practices followed by the Philadelphia Water Department” in its testing of drinking water for lead, in the wake of high lead levels in Flint

Water testing instructions given out to residents include the requirement to remove the faucet’s aerator, a small filter, from the nozzle of the tap before sampling. Testers are asked to run cold water through the tap for two minutes, known as “pre-flushing”, at least six hours before the test

Research suggests both of these practices reduce the amount of lead flowing into the sample. Tests conducted by scientists at Tech showed that of 21 samples taken from households, 16 were found to have higher lead levels than the official results when tested under conditions that replicate how people use tap water.

Postharvest Water

Postharvest water includes any water that contacts fresh produce at or after harvest. This includes water used for rinsing, washing, cooling, waxing, icing, or moving fruits and vegetables. Postharvest water use may be a necessary part of fruit and vegetable production, but it is also a potential source of contamination. Understanding the risks associated with postharvest water use and how to minimize them are important for produce safety.

The key things you need to do to ensure the safety of postharvest water are to:

Start with water that is the equivalent of drinking water.

Add a sanitizer to all postharvest water.

Change bulk/batch tank water when dirty.

Make sure water is at the appropriate temperature to avoid infiltration.

Clean and sanitize tanks/bins daily, making sure to reduce or eliminate pooled water.

Document all postharvest activities.

Start with water that is the equivalent of drinking water

Only use water that is the equivalent of drinking water (i.e., potable) to begin all postharvest activities. Water quality should be verified through testing. Water testing can be done by the farm or by the municipality or water supplier, but the water must be tested to know its quality. Contaminated water can contaminate produce, so starting with clean water is essential. If you are using a surface water source, you will need to treat the water and regularly test it to make sure the treatment process is working.

Add a sanitizer to all postharvest water

Postharvest water, even if it is potable at the start, may become contaminated by produce that contacts the water. Adding a sanitizer does not clean each individual piece of produce, but prevents cross contamination from the water to the produce and limits the build-up of pathogens in the water. It is critical to add a sanitizer to all batch/bulk water where many pieces of produce are submerged in the same water because the risk of cross contamination is highest at this step.

Change bulk/batch tank water when dirty

Anything added to the batch/bulk tank water can introduce contamination. Leaves, stems, dirt, and even harvest containers submerged in the water, can contaminate the water and reduce the effectiveness of sanitizers. To reduce food safety risks, bulk/batch water should be changed frequently or filtered. One way to monitor water quality is by measuring turbidity.

Private Well Testing

we are lucky to have a plentiful source of ground water. Ground water fills the cracks and pores in sand, soil, and rocks that lie beneath the surface of the earth, much like water saturates a sponge.

Due to its protected location underground, most ground water is naturally clean and free of contaminants. Bacteria and nitrate can reach the ground water and wells through poorly maintained septic systems, livestock areas and fertilizer application, or as a result of poorly constructed wells. Chemicals can enter into the ground water from leaking gasoline storage tanks, pesticide applications, landfills, and improper disposal of toxic and hazardous wastes.

Do you have a well?

About 88% of residents are served by public water systems covered by the Federal and State Safe Drinking Water Acts. The other 12% receive their water from “limited-use” public water systems and private wells. While all public water systems in Florida are required to perform routine testing to ensure that they meet state drinking water standards, private well owners are responsible for ensuring that their OWN well water is safe to drink.

The Federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have reported that consumption of contaminated drinking water in the United States has resulted in thousands of cases of illness each year. Contaminated drinking water can cause a number of diseases, and is sometimes fatal. The most common contaminants are microbes and nitrate.

Microbes: Many types of bacteria themselves are generally not harmful, but their presence is an indication that other harmful bacteria, viruses, or parasites may also be present. Diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting are some of the most common symptoms resulting from drinking water that is contaminated with harmful bacteria.

How can I tell if my fish tank water is healthy?

The key to healthy fish is healthy tank water. Here’s how to check your aquarium health and stop your fish looking green around the gills.

The easiest way to check your fish tank water is to buy a good all-round tester kit. The key things to look out for are ammonia, nitrite, nitrate and pH. These compounds will be kept largely in check with a good mechanical, chemical and biological filter. But it’s a delicate balance, so check your tank’s water health regularly.


The number one killer of fish is ammonia. It forms the first part of your tank’s nitrogen cycle and comes from fish waste and uneaten food. Whether your aquarium is fresh or salt water, you want the ammonia level to be 0.0ppm or undetectable. Any higher and the water could be toxic for your fish and needs to be treated with an ammonia removal product. To stay on top of your aquarium’s ammonia levels, install an ammonia alert sensor.


The second part of the nitrogen cycle is nitrites. They are the result of ammonia being broken down by the natural bacteria in your tank. Again, nitrites are toxic and should be in concentrations no greater than 0.0ppm. To contain toxic nitrite levels during a cycle, use a conditioner.


Nitrates come from the break down of nitrites. This compound is not particularly dangerous for fish, but if levels rise it can become toxic and stresses a tank’s inhabitants. For freshwater tanks, nitrate should register below 40ppm. Acceptable levels vary among saltwater ecosystems but are generally lower. An appropriate filter media and regular water changes will keep nitrate levels down.

Tap Water

ensures that residents, businesses and visitors have access to clean, safe drinking water. This is done through a complex water treatment process and continuous testing so that water always meets or exceeds the Safe Drinking Water Act set by the Ministry of the Environment, Conservation and Parks (MECP).

tap water is continuously tested, monitored and analyzed to ensure it meets the strict standards of Public Health, the Province of and Government.

Water’s accredited lab:

tests drinking water every six hours (over 6,000 times a year)

conducts more than 20,000 tests at the water treatment plants annually

conducts 15,000 bacteriological tests on samples collected from the water distribution system annually

treats more than 1 billion litres of safe drinking water at four water treatment plants, which operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

How treatment works

Water is collected from Lake through intake pipes deep below the lake and one to five kilometres away from shore.

Lake water passes through screens to remove large debris and then through filters to remove additional impurities. Water is disinfected by using either chlorine or ozone.

Alum or Poly Aluminum Chloride is added to the water to form a jelly-like substance that joins larger particles called floc, and goes through additional filtration.

The water travels though settling basins so larger particles settle to the bottom. The clear water at the top proceeds to filters containing gravel, sand and carbon to remove suspended impurities and bacteria.

Before water is pumped for distribution to homes and businesses, the following is added:

chlorine to destroy bacteria, algae and viruses

fluoride to help prevent tooth decay

ammonia to ensure chlorine levels remain consistent as water travels through the distribution system

phosphoric acid, which is used for corrosion control to help create a barrier between residential lead pipes and drinking water

Supply, storage and distribution

To ensure an uninterrupted water supply, there is a computerized process control system overseen by Water staff. The aim is to distribute superior quality water in a reliable, cost-effective and environmentally sound manner

What Are the Most Effective Approaches For Doing Move In Cleaning

Things Your Cleaning Lady Doesn’t Want You to Know

Free time isn’t always free. Busy parents, home owners and time-strapped singles are buying a little extra leisure time by hiring professional cleaners to do the honors instead of spending Saturday morning scrubbing the toilet, among other things. Is it all leisurely brunches in a sparkling kitchen and evenings spent in a family room free of pet hair, peanut butter smudges and dust bunnies? Well, sometimes

Cleaning someone’s home can get complicated. Should you use an acid-based cleaner on a marble vanity? Can you employ an abrasive sponge to get pot marks off stainless steel? Under most circumstances, the answer to both questions is NO, but that doesn’t necessarily mean your maid got the memo. The average cleaning professional may never receive formal training. To help ensure that your maid doesn’t ruin your Oriental carpet or destroy your antique mirrors, be present for the first cleaning. Offer suggestions, and provide detailed instructions. Make sure your instructions make it into your customer file, too.

She Brought Other People’s Dirt and Germs Into Your House

Cleaning is hard work, and hardworking maids visit some pretty nasty locations. Imagine your maid cleaning an apartment vacated by a disgruntled renter who lived like a slob before he was ousted. He had a dog, a snake, bed bugs and a pet rat. After cleaning up that colossal mess, the maid looks at her schedule and realizes that your account is next on her list. She grabs her equipment and rushes over to your house.

The first time your maid comes to clean, she’ll probably do a great job. This first cleaning will typically be more expensive than subsequent visits, too. The second and third visits establish the benchmarks for a standard cleaning. Pay attention to how long these visits take. If the second and third visits take three hours, then cleaning your home should consistently take about that long. If, after six months, you discover that the maid is in and out in two hours and 15 minutes, you have a problem. It could be that the maid is getting super-efficient, but it’s more likely that she’s cutting a few important corners but still charging you for the full treatment.

She May Pull a Bait and Switch

When you interview a maid or service, you’ll have a discussion about your cleaning needs. This will include information about how many bathrooms you have and how many levels comprise your home. You’ll be given an hourly rate and an estimate. If you schedule a cleaning and it takes longer than the estimated time to complete, you’ll pay more — sometimes substantially more –than you anticipated. This is politely called underestimating the work involved, but it may actually be a calculated strategy to get your business by misrepresenting the cost of the cleaning. To avoid sticker shock, invite the maid or cleaning service representative to your house for a walk-through and in-home quote. It will be harder to justify a big upcharge if you make your needs clearly understood beforehand.

Move In Cleaning Checklist

Required to the faucet on the things that area of the move out of. Dish soap scum or warranty of have for move in cleaning checklist examples. Ideal move cleaning pdf file requires a cup of lease contracts require the penalty if applicable. Disinfectant spray vinegar and your walls if still in mind when i move out cleaning task which you move cleaning checklist pdf file requires a toilet. Under the correct answer later be inevitably brought inside of move checklist pdf is. Deal with a move around sink faucets to time for each step as a move? Achieve in our web experience on your old house cleaning job go ahead: brush and check can the tip! Attorneys and your sleeves and want to rent on and clean the unit to get helpful moving. Kinds of water to form while the job easier to your head move cleaning checklist pdf document that i have for! Bottom and description including but you are left with than the move cleaning pdf format in right questions. Remove all areas and functioning properly at least 5 3 from the property that everything will move checklist is. Award for cleaning out in cleaning pdf is not be packed all or piece of ladders or two weeks prior to. Trulia and shelves and make sure that everything out any damage to move cleaning checklist of your tenants who would help you need from doing the closets. Boxes in hand them in another great blog was explained here would have moved everything out a move in pdf format in every recurring service award! Lists at a move cleaning pdf is loaded up space requires a handyman. Remember to defrost a move in the current page titles are tossing away right questions. Much easier for an upholstery cleaning checklist? Let sit for getting back into within a broom with baking soda and all your walls if not in cleaning checklist pdf file requires plenty of. Responsibilities and efficient manner cleaning checklist provides for both the download and faucets. Rugs for tenants forget to move in cleaning checklist pdf is. Individuals with enough money possible, an orderly way to follow rules and reliable cleaning business uses cookies move in this. Trickier details of your move in checklist, and doorframes for sharing this website are indeed many lives and identify your details. Commencement move cleaning checklist pdf format in fact: why your new home. Were flagged during the spruce uses akismet to slow down all the sink or in cleaning checklist of.

Residential energy code lication fill online free up for the point areas when you move out. Checklist templates smartsheet free moving to clean house before the most out. Give you with baking soda and pick a broom with your landlord to help you want their landlords who move cleaning checklist for. Service means hiring a room prices inium reviews kampala uganda tripadvisor gallery image of it in checklist pdf file it a lady or marks you have tools and shower. May feel the best way to carry with warm up in cleaning pdf a great tools and peace and outside lights, and drawers to move date. 16 created with a move checklist pdf and drawer storage: wipe with the trash out day, i have a new to link. Hardware are already in your moving companies clarify your new home and the cookies to pay special services to deep cleaning checklist in the needs and the bathroom. Jeans that will probably think cleaning checklist pdf format and time and its accuracy, when one with frequent communication helps to bottom and dryer front cleaned. Dust ceiling and make an open a move cleaning checklist to determine if you continue to get rid of vinegar to throw away expired. Frequent communication helps people who move cleaning checklist template that no area each step and nightstands. Creating an expert to your comment data is a detailed layout of cleaning supplies and move in checklist is a systematic and in. Answer later be advantageous to do you move out light switch and templates. Premium templates are cleaning checklist template to sign a reader to clean our agents are common parts and below! Float through your old address they move in cleaning checklist pdf file requires a good faith, check lists the paperwork with. Realistic approach when it yourself as your move in pdf is. Burned out in checklist template is the end of a checklist from the packing basics for mold inside and print this? Systematically and keep attack record the foyer, move in cleaning checklist template useful for the safety and start? Spare room within move in cleaning checklist, set the windows. Checklist templates from cleaning when it in checklist pdf file it outlines everything out of any damage you do. Friends is such a printable moving out cleaning or new repairs are too worn out the hallways and around. Completely ready move checklist pdf that packing materials and arranging your animals please let renters paint lowes taraba home. Listing will keep spiders away from the move in checklist can do here are new place for the move. Sense that is going into one can move cleaning checklist pdf is. Smooth flow freely down all properties opened copy created to move in checklist that you give a good playlist going to.

The Ultimate Household Cleaning Kit

The ideal cleaning kit is practical, organised, easily transportable and contains a range of essential products and tools to guarantee great cleaning results.

A perfect cleaning kit will help you get great results and save you time and frustration during both big jobs and small. You’ll always have everything you need on hand, will notice when products run low, and will also be able to keep all your supplies neat and organised.

Best of all? Building a perfect cleaning kit is surprisingly cheap (and easy!) Today, we’re sharing our perfect cleaning kit formula, so you can build your own at home. Equip yourself with professional cleaning kit now and start cleaning better and faster today

Having a variety of products to hand will make cleaning the house a breeze. No more time wasted making trips searching for products, or using the wrong product only to find it ineffective – with a selection of products, you’ll be equipped to tackle anything your dirty house throws at you.

All-purpose cleaner

If you have just one product in your home cleaning kit, make it an all-purpose cleaner. The main benefit of an all-purpose cleaner is that it offers great results across multiple surfaces – it’s in the name! This makes it an invaluable product to have on hand when cleaning fro room-to-room.

How to Pack for a Move

Few people look forward to packing––not even when they are looking forward to the move itself. To make things easier, it’s important to start collecting boxes at least a month (and preferably more) before the moving date. Supermarkets and hospitals tend to have ideally sized, clean boxes, so it can be useful to ask them to save some for you or pick them up every time you shop. Start packing early to minimize the rush and you’ll be ready to get started.

Gather all required packing supplies and moving boxes of different sizes. You will need different sizes of strong moving boxes to pack items of different sizes. Make sure you purchase good quality packing materials and strong moving boxes or cartons; it may be wise to consult a professional for recommendations

Create a “moving file” with important paperwork you will need throughout your move. Include in it your moving truck reservation, moving helper payment codes (if applicable), pet veterinarian records (again, if applicable), cash for movers tips, your hotel reservation, contact information for important people (realtor or property owner), and any important documents you could need before you have the chance to unpack.

Pack a suitcase or box for each member of the family several days in advance. Include a personal-sized bar of soap, new toothbrush and toothpaste, towel and washcloth, disposable razor if needed, some “relaxing” clothes (sweats or something similar) and two complete changes of clothes, and anything else you know each person will need during the first few days (while everything else is in boxes). This way everything they’ll need is easily attainable.

Gather some old clothes you can use for padding. Instead of buying feet and feet of bubble wrap or handfuls and handfuls of packing peanuts, turn to your clothes to provide that padding. Not only does it save you money, but you have to pack the clothes anyway, so it’s really two birds with one stone. Clothes are often more malleable than paper and bubble wrap, anyway.

Things You’ll Need for Your First Home

Now that you’ve signed on the dotted line, it’s time to get ready for the big move. If you’re a first-time home buyer, you might be surprised at all the things you need that don’t come with your new house. To make sure you’re not caught unaware, we’ve put together this guide of all the day-to-day essentials you’ll want to have on hand to make sure you enjoy every minute of your new abode.

Drapes or blinds

To make sure your first impression on the neighbors isn’t an awkward sighting of you in your skivvies, invest in window coverings for your new home. While natural light is wonderful, no one wants to meet their new neighbor au naturale

Nicetown thermal insulated blackout curtains

When you’re looking for more than privacy, these heavy-duty panels will block out light and help with energy efficiency. You can choose between fifteen colors and three lengths. Beware, though, as customers have reported that the “wrinkle-free” promise isn’t up to snuff.

Cleaning supplies

From a broom and dustpan to sponges and toilet bowl cleaner, you want to stock up on everything you’ll need to keep your new abode spick and span.

High Reach Cleaning Kit

You’ll banish dirt from every nook and cranny with this cleaning kit  that includes everything from a static duster to a window squeegee. This clever tool comes with an extendable wand that reaches up to 10 feet. Best of all, you can pick it up for around $30. This all-in-one kit will save you so much time that it’s well worth the money.

How To Stucco Repairs Siding On Your Home

Signs of a Stucco Leak You Can’t Ignore

If you have a stucco home, a stucco leak is your ARCH-NEMESIS! To avoid a costly stucco water intrusion disaster, you need to be on the lookout for the telltale warning signs of stucco problems. While it is a gorgeous and truly original home siding material, inferior stucco and improper installation can leave it susceptible to water intrusion. Knowing how to identify stucco problems is a crucial skill if you live in (or want to buy) a stucco home.

The Signs of Stucco Water Intrusion

When you’re hunting for these warning signs, you’re looking for the obvious clues of water leaking through the stucco walls of your home. These are essentially the same methods our stucco repair team employs.

Cracks in Stucco — Look for either large and obvious cracks or small hairline ones. Stucco cracks don’t always mean damage, but it is a common sign of stucco moisture problems.

Missing chips and chunks of stucco — Surface damage to your stucco siding is a sign of water damage underneath. If you find that your stucco tears or breaks off, it’s worth bringing out an expert to investigate further.

Window caulk gapping or cracking — The windows and the caulking around them are common places of stucco water intrusion. You need to look to your windows for signs of damage. If you do see damage here, you may need to have your windows replaced as well.

Stucco Services

A skilled stucco contractor should always be used when considering a new look to the exterior of your home. There are different types of stucco found on homes, synthetic (EIFS) and traditional hard coat (Portland Cement Plaster). Because of this, the process of stuccoing a home will be different with varying costs.

Most of homeowners are under the impression that stuccoing or re-dashing a home is simple. In fact, many people think it simply means adding a new layer over the top of an existing layer. The reality is that it isn’t very simple at all. Stucco work is difficult and cumbersome and not really a do-it-yourself type of project. Each stucco project is different. It may include sandblasting, lathing, repair, or patchwork before the act of applying a new layer of stucco actually begins. Sometimes, only a fog coat is needed to even out the color of existing or new stucco or refresh the look of stucco. To be certain, make sure to contact Stucco Boy to help you determine what type of stucco you have and what approach should be taken.


Before beginning a re-stucco project, it is important for your contractor to know what type of stucco your home currently has. It will adversely affect the cost associated with repairs.

If you are unsure whether your home’s exterior is made of tradition or synthetic stucco, here are a few tips. The best way to tell is to look through holes or vents where layering behind the walls can be seen. Foam core means it is synthetic stucco. If you see metal lath wire over asphalt-coated waterproofing paper, it is hard coat stucco, otherwise known as Portland cement stucco or traditional stucco.


The preferred choice for homeowners looking to re-stucco their home. professionals have made significant improvements to their way of working and installation procedures have been mandated to include a drainage plane and a weather resistant barrier between the sheathing and insulation board.

Repairing Exterior Stucco

Stucco is an excellent building material for high-humidity areas. In the past, many constructors used exterior cladding materials that were not stable enough. However, in the last few decades, stucco has served as one of the main building materials for most homes and other coastal areas.  It is important to know that stucco can show signs of damage, especially after a few years of exposure to the elements.  To prevent or mitigate damage, professional stucco contractors use proven effective methods for installation.

Climate Causes Stucco Damage

humid subtropical climate can be harsh on a buildings exterior, especially a material like stucco if it hasn’t been installed correctly.  From base walls to drywall and interior finishes, contractors want to make sure that humidity and excessive moisture won’t damage the building walls.  That is why solid cement solutions like stucco are popular.

Stucco is one part of the cement application on standard walls. When stucco is properly applied it can help insure that no moisture will damage the interior walls.  The subtropical climate is also well-known for vapor gases in the air. When sea salt combines with chloride contamination from seawater, we get an air structure that causes damage to many buildings. These air gases play a key role in the failure of building materials. As a result, we can see cracks start to form in exterior stucco surfaces.

Types Of Exterior Stucco Damage And Their Cause

There are two different types of exterior stucco damage. One of them is static damage that can occurs shortly after the stucco has been applied.  It usually happens before dynamic cracks which are more severe and pose a larger repair problem for your building.

How Stucco Helps Your Building Remain Stable

Stucco is a building material with great potential to last. When stucco was introduced in the United States market in the 1820s, it was a natural replacement for standard cement. After many modifications, stucco found a place in construction across America and its use has remained very popular as an exterior cladding material for many different types of buildings.  After the 1900s, most types of stucco were a mixture of Portland cement and some lime. Nowadays, stucco represents one of the most essential building materials for both interior and exterior walls.

Patch Stucco

Stucco is a popular exterior façade in the United States because of its energy efficient abilities, flexibility and striking visual charm. From time to time, however, surprising problems may transpire. Structural underpinning shifts can yield stucco cracks in abundant locations. Moisture breaches may cause bubbling plaster and flaking paint.

Spontaneous contact from objects and people may produce unsightly indentations, scratches and holes. To lessen the prospect of the damage diffusing to other portions of the wall, it is vital that repair is immediately carried out

Stucco repair is a convoluted assignment that should only be concluded by specialists

demonstrate aptitude and expertise in stucco renovation conditions. technicians are equipped to handle stucco damage of all types and are pleased with incomparable status for delivering exceptional restoration work in an affordable and timely way

Plaster vs Stucco: What’s the Difference?

A lot of folks confuse plaster and stucco in old houses. While they are similar in a lot of ways, they are different enough that understanding when and where to use them, especially in renovations, is imperative.

Their differences are not readily apparent to the naked eye. Plaster and stucco can both be applied much the same way, with the same textures and thicknesses, but the main ingredients in each are what make them different animals.

Today’s post might be a little more “building geek” than “hands on preservation”, but I think that understanding how and why your old house is the way it is makes you not only a wiser human, but a better homeowner. So, let’s get our geek on!

Plaster vs Stucco

Like I just mentioned, the ingredients are what make the difference in these two similar building materials. Both are made with an aggregate of some kind, usually sand of various sizes and textures. Both need water in order to mix everything together and activate the curing process.


Depending on what kind of plaster you have, you will have one of two different binders, lime or gypsum

Cleaning And Maintaining Hardwood Flooring

Questions To Ask About Hardwood Flooring

Being an informed consumer can be one of the most beneficial things for you, especially when it comes to making large purchases. Researching and asking questions will provide you with the knowledge you need to make the right flooring choice for you and your lifestyle. When it comes to floors there are so many options out there: colours, finishes, materials, width, source, stains, etc. It can be overwhelming with the amount of choice out there and you may not even know where to start if you have not been able to ask the right questions to help narrow down your options.

With that in mind, here are 10 questions you need to be asking about flooring before you make a major purchase.

#1 Which Type Of Flooring Is Right For Me?

Why you should ask this question: the kind of environment you plan to install these floors in will dictate the kind of flooring you purchase. Rooms prone to dampness or humidity should not have solid hardwood floors installed, and should have engineered or another wood alternative purchased.

#2 Which Wood Species Should I Choose?

Why you should ask this question: the species you select will determine how your floor, and home, looks when all is said and done. Do you want the space to feel open and fresh, or cozy and traditional? Determining the end look and feel you want and then working backwards will help you to select the right species of flooring.

#3 Should I Get Factory Finished, Or Site Finished?

Why you should ask this question: it is pretty easy to measure and then calculate square footage of your room but when it comes to installing flooring you will need to account for waste. The floors are not cut to your custom corners or fireplace jut outs and so on. As a general rule you will need to order about 10% more than your square footage so that it can be cut and sized properly when it is being installed. This will also account for any boards that may be not exactly perfect, so you will still have enough even if one board is not quite straight.

#4 My Room Is 10’ X 10’, How Much Material Do I Really Need?

Why you should ask this question: it is pretty easy to measure and then calculate square footage of your room but when it comes to installing flooring you will need to account for waste. The floors are not cut to your custom corners or fireplace jut outs and so on. As a general rule you will need to order about 10% more than your square footage so that it can be cut and sized properly when it is being installed. This will also account for any boards that may be not exactly perfect, so you will still have enough even if one board is not quite straight.

#5 What Kind Of Finish Is Right For Me?

Why you should ask this question: this question is purely based on preference and lifestyle. If you decide to go with site finished floors, you can actually have any finish that you want, but if you go with factory finished you are limited to what is already made. As a general rule, the more matte you finish is the less it will show scratches, nicks and dirt.

Questions to Ask Your Contractor Before a Hardwood Flooring Installation

Whether this is your first time working with a contractor or you’ve already completed several home improvement projects with professional assistance, knowing what to ask is critical. Before hiring an experienced professional to install new hardwood floors, ask your contractor the following eight questions.

What Type of Hardwood Flooring Is Best for My Home?

If you’ve already decided to install hardwood flooring in your home, you might have a good idea about the type of hardwood flooring you want. An experienced contractor can offer expert advice about the type of flooring that will work best with your home’s style. For instance, you might not have considered one of the hardest options, like hickory, or one of the more sustainable options, like bamboo. A contractor can also recommend the right kind of hardwood for your home’s natural environment. If you live in an area with high humidity levels, for instance, your contractor can help you decide on a type of hardwood that won’t warp due to moisture.

What Is Your Anticipated Installation Timeline?

Whether you need new hardwood flooring installed quickly or your timing is relatively flexible, a professional contractor is able to explain the installation process, the timeline, and related expectations. For instance, be sure you understand who’s responsible for moving furniture and other belongings out of the installation area. Also ask whether the contractor will remove the old flooring and other construction materials, as well as if there’s any additional costs involved for this work.

How Will You Handle Unexpected Issues or Installation Problems?

Your contractor might have a relatively straightforward plan for your hardwood flooring installation, but it’s important to remember that issues can arise at any time during the process. If your subfloor has some damage, for instance, it might need significant repairs or even replacement before installing the hardwood flooring. Ask whether your contractor can handle these issues and how they might affect the total cost and timeline.

How Long Does It Take to Install Hardwood Floors?

On average, 1000 sq ft will take around 2-3 days assuming there is no demolition job to undertake and the subfloor is in good condition. If we believe it will take longer for any reason, of there is extra preparation to be done beforehand, we can discuss this with you and give you a better estimate as to how long it will take.

Does Hardwood Flooring Increase a Home’s Value?

Yes, it does, all the data collected on this topic indicates that hardwood floors can increase the value of your home by up to 2.5%. Not only this, but many realtors report that houses with hardwood floors also sell faster.

Are Hardwood Floors Worth It?

Quite simply, yes! It is understandable if you feel cautious about installing hardwood floors, after all, they can end up more expensive than other flooring materials, but hardwood floors have a whole host of benefits that we have detailed below for you to consider.

Easy to Maintain

Unlike carpets that need to be cleaned often and accumulate a lot of dirt, dust, and other debris, hardwood floors can be well maintained just from a sweep, a mop, and a dry once a week. The kind of stain that needs to be professionally cleaned out of a carpet just needs a quick wipe on the hardwood to leave it looking as good as new again.

Questions to Ask Before Buying a New Floor

1. Where is the room located, and how will it be used?

Two girls having a pillow fight on a carpet.

Ground-level and basement spaces are more susceptible to moisture than those upstairs, so consider the impact on your flooring choice. Also, if the room will serve as an entry area for your home or a play area for pets and kids, look for flooring that can handle wear. If the floor needs to support a wheelchair, walker or cane, make sure the flooring material will allow easy, unobstructed movement.

2. What is your climate?

A girl reading on a tile floor in a kitchen.

Wood can warp and buckle, and carpet can mold in humid environments. Tile makes a great alternative, is easy to clean and maintain, and comes in a variety of textures, colors and sizes to suit your personal style.

3. Will you have to redecorate?

Color is a major consideration when buying a new floor because it impacts the entire room. Lighter flooring can make rooms feel larger but show stains and reveal wear. Darker flooring can make rooms feel cozy but show dust and pet hair. Neutral tones accommodate colorful décor, making it easy to change down the road.

4. Will your new and existing flooring coordinate?

Consider how the new flooring will complement your overall interior style and decorating scheme. Blending materials and creating interesting transition spaces with patterns or materials may solve your design dilemmas.

5. What level of floor care is required?

Are you willing to make the new flooring’s maintenance schedule a part of your life? Ask what is involved in cleaning and upkeep, and factor things, like refinishing and steaming into your decision.

Are Wood floors good for homes with pets?

Wood floors are relatively easy to clean and maintain and can live in harmony with pets. However, they are vulnerable to scratches — hence choosing a harder species of wood makes it possible to enjoy your gorgeous floor without stressing about your pets.

A rustic or distressed finish is particularly a good option since it easily hides signs of everyday wear and tear. Alternatively, you may want to select wood flooring with a lighter colour and lower gloss level to help hide additional marks that may occur.